ENISA Threat Landscape 2020: Cyber Attacks Becoming More Sophisticated, Targeted, Widespread and Undetected

26 October 2020

Cyber security

On October 20, 2020, the European Union Agency for Cybersecurity (ENISA), with the support of the European Commission, EU Member States and the CTI Stakeholders Group, published the 8th annual ENISA Threat Landscape (ETL) 2020 report, identifying and evaluating the top cyber threats for the period January 2019-April 2020. In particular, the ETL report aims to map the cyber threat landscape in a means to help decision-makers, policy-makers and security specialists define strategies to defend citizens, organisations and cyberspace.

The report lists the major change from the 2018 threat landscape as the COVID-19-led transformation of the digital environment. During the pandemic, cyber criminals have indeed been seen advancing their capabilities, adapting quickly and targeting relevant victim groups more effectively.

Broadly speaking, the ETL report warns that there is a long road ahead to reach a more secure digital environment. This is mainly due to the weakening of existing cybersecurity measures through changes in working and infrastructure patterns caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. Furthermore, 15 in-depth reports on the top cyber threats were produced.

The top 15 cyber threat reports are of a technical nature and include, among others, Malware, Web-based Attacks, Phishing, Web Application Attacks and Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS).

Finally, the ETL report highlights important aspects and trends related to the threat landscape. For instance, according to the report the number of phishing victims in the EU is increasing with malicious actors using the COVID-19 theme to lure them in.

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